Juxtaposing the consequences that climate change imposes on living organisms, we realise, every minute our planet is being pushed to the verge of making lives miserable. Ranging from retreating habitats leading to climate refugees, disorientation of the food chain to deterioration of physical as well as mental health, happen to be among the concerns that demands serious consideration.
The reason at the core of climate change and global warming being fluctuating levels of carbon dioxide content in the atmosphere, the myriad effects that unfold inflict unexpected stress and destabilize living.
Out of all, recent studies reflect that aquatic life is among the worst effected in terms of both- food web as well as habitat. Although it confirms certain species at the base, like algae, is receiving a boost, the creatures higher up the pyramid like predatory fish is close to being famished. This disrupts the entire chain where each species is integrally interlinked with each other, upholding the diversity.
Ocean warming and acidification accelerates the sensitivity affecting plant growth, multiplication of predators as well as behavior. It majorly takes a toll on habitat forming species such as coral reefs, kelp forests which dies out with increased CO2 emissions.
Rising temperatures due to climate change and global warming lead to algal bloom, but restricted the count of herbivores owing to rise in the metabolic demand of predatory species, thus, resulting into the shrinking of prey populations. This helps us draw an inference about how climate patterns effect the well being of species and their interactions, impacting upon the outcome of climate stressors on select species.
Blame it on humans and their recklessness that is altering marine ecosystems. Pollution, ruining habitats, eutrophication causing nutrition levels to rise if controlled can usher good news for the diverse species residing underwater- allowing them to get used to the climate transitions. In fact etching out specific territories for preys on which species depend for survival, can serve as a potential step towards sustainability.
Owing to the fact that predators are responsible for maintaining the assortment of species, it is essential; for us to protect them against the odds. This in turn motivates resilience against the alterations in the food web.