Plant life is rapidly growing on both the poles with the increasingly warmer temperatures of the planet. Though, the image of Antarctica mostly appears to be much like a white, fragile landscape however, the present scenario has changed. Now, the continent seems to be much green with the climate getting warmer over time.
Many researchers have drilled down into the deeper layers of moss which, have been accumulated onto this frozen Continent over the years and they have observed that the growth of those minuscule plants has surprisingly increased within the last five decades.
The Driving Force: Impact of Global Warming
Warmer global temperatures have steered up a rise in the amount of ice melting in Antarctica. This is resulting in availability of more water for moistening the mosses. Furthermore, this temperature rise is leading to longer growing seasons for plant life. Experts have already stated that if this phenomenon continues, then the amount of ice-free land will increase undoubtedly and resultantly, this Peninsula will transform as a greener place in the near future. Thus, with this vital information on global warming it can be concluded that the impact of climate change is very much evident in the Polar Regions including both the Arctic & Antarctica.
Mosses generally grow pretty slow and while considering the cold Polar Regions, they accumulate and not decompose at the time of growing season’s end. This instance greatly helps researchers to get the growth records which, date back to around thousands of years ago.
Needless to say that this phenomenon serves as an impactful signifier that Antarctica is undergoing through massive change. Moreover, though the plant life exists within just a small fraction of the Southern Continent around 0.3%, scientists have found that the region is likely to become warmer. With the decrease in ice cover and increase in land cover, this region will also absorb more heat. This in turn, would bring a transformation to the ecosystem of Antarctica which is quite similar to the present scenario of the Arctic.
Evidences have already been collected, which indicate a steady rise in the level of growth in plants in the Arctic Ocean. There was a time when scientists and researchers believed that Phytoplankton, the tiny marine plants cannot be able to live and grow beneath the ice sheets of the frigid Arctic. But the recent relevant information on global warming is showing us that the ice sheets have become thinner and this instance has led the researchers to observe green patches on the ice. The thinner ice sheets are letting the sunshine to the previously darker areas. This, in turn, helps planktons to grow which has the potential to transform the ecosystem of that region as animals will start migrating to this region in search of food.
Conventional wisdom states ‘Change is the only constant’ and the very same can be observed very well in this significant natural instance. With the drastic climate change & fluctuations, our planet Earth is undergoing massive transformations which, is greatly changing its entire ecosystem.