The universal terror of mankind or what we have popularly termed as global warming has led to a series of paradigm shifts in our environment, thereby making it more baffling and inconvenient for survival. Numerous studies have been conducted by notable scientists and environmentalists by now and many amongst them have thrown light on how global warming has triggered the upsurge of various unexpected, unwanted, unknown and most importantly malignant diseases affecting the wildlife in the Artics.
The fragile ecosystem of the Artics has significantly affected by menacing pathogens arising due to global warming and climate change. As told by the Inuit residents of the Arviat community near Hudson Bay’s northwest coast, they have recently witnessed a mysterious whale which, was around twice the size of 15-to-20 feet long beluga whales, mostly seen near the territory. Scientists have concluded that the whale was actually a humpback, which is among the few being spotted in the region of North Americal Arctic. They added that humpbacks are not only the aquatic animals that are on the pursuit of widening their range northward.
As the sea melts, the ice-avoiding whales start moving deeper into the ocean, while killing both beluga and narwhal whales. Some of the other whale species including bottlenose, minke, sperm whales, fin have also made their way to the north with the warming up of Arctics. Furthermore, considering the wildlife, on land; white-tailored deer, grizzly bears, coyotes and various other birds and animals are also widening their range into the Arctic tundra and warming boreal forests.
Considering the aboriginal people who depend on various Arctic animals including seals, muskoxen, eider ducks, polar bears and caribou have observed that these animals are gradually declining in numbers. Over the recent years, a myriad of malignant diseases has infected many animals including muskoxen on Victoria Islands situated in Arctic Canada, reindeer in Russia and Scandinavia, polar bears and seals near the coast of Alaska and Eider ducks in the Bering Sea and Northern Hudson Bay. Researchers including biologists and veterinarians have engaged in the relentless pursuit of deciphering the causes and effects of disease outbreaks occurring in the Arctic region. Some of them have agreed on the fact that the rapid ecosystem changes because of global warming and climate change are resulting into the outburst of some new form of bacteria, which can cause cholera to metamorphose or can make the Arctic animals more responsive to various types of pathogens which were of not much harm previously.
Being one of the most untamed or uninhabited parts of the world, the Arctics are known for experiencing drastic environment shifts which, in turn, has led to major epidemic outbreaks. Starting from human beings to animals and plant life, each and every inhabitant of the Arctics are being affected badly indeed. So, now the quest is all about finding the right strategic move for identifying these pathogens and formulating the right solution to tear them up by the roots, thereby securing the existence of wildlife in the Arctics.