With the increasing shift of both indigenous people and ruralites to the cities and their suburbs, the urban areas are facing a myriad of challenges in terms of climate change adaptation. Unfavourable climatic conditions are associated with a list of crucial vulnerable risks, even while pacifying the existing civic needs including provisions for sanitation, water, drainage, paved roads and more.
The effective programs in terms of climate change adaptation cannot be implemented successfully without an all-inclusive consent of the city governments. Having a community-based approach, the local government must perform a different yet complementary role that aims in including vulnerable people in the design and implementation of adaptation measures. Community-based adaptation can collaborate with the local governments for mapping and assessing the risks involved in each and every location and mitigating them.
Mobilizing the Urban Opportunities
While initiating effective programs to fight against the effects of global warming, the city governments have started recognising the potential benefits of urban regions where the dense population will decrease the cost per person. This will also help them in availing the services and facilities related to risk reducing infrastructure. The poorly governed cities are notably situated in the most unhealthy places of the world. However, the well-administered cities are among the ones, reflecting the highest quality of life. Furthermore, there are cities that are equipped with sufficient resources and institutions which, can aid in climate change adaptation and mitigation. But, the real challenge faced by international agencies and national governments is the local governments mostly do not pay much heed or involvement to such initiatives, despite of having a significant role to play.
The challenges of informal settlements
Much of the relocated population resides in the informal settlements while occupying them illegally. This phenomenon is one of the major obstacles indeed which, have been hindering the progress of community-based adaptation and resembling itself as a part of the informal economy. Considering this act of illegality, the local governments might refuse to offer the residents with basic risk-reducing infrastructure. In most of Asia and Africa, this instance has led to an establishment where around half or one-third of the entire population is residing in informal settlements, which are lacking provision for proper infrastructure, especially on the sites with high risks of landslides or flooding.
Observing the aforesaid, a set of discussions have been conducted within the United Nations for combating the effects of global warming by implementing sustainable development goals which, were typically being focused to the national plans and federal governments. However, the local governments also need to be properly resourced for pacifying the ever-growing adaptation needs and promote a sound, hygienic and healthy living.