The soaring temperature of earth and its worst consequences have become a global concern today. Melting ice sheets, abrupt climatic fluctuations in different regions, swelling sea levels, severe heat waves are the threatening repercussion of increasing level of pollution and global warming.
Greenhouse emission caused by the burning of fossil fuels like coal, petroleum acts as a blanket in the atmosphere that traps the energy of the earth causing global warming. Scientists and environmentalists are suggesting alternative renewable energy sources for power generation to prevent the adversities of greenhouse gases resulting in global warming and climate change.
The extreme weather conditions across the globe and gradual ecological disruption is indicating towards the need for rapid transformation in human energy consumption. Most nations across the globe have adopted renewable sources for power generation like solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy to check carbon emission.
Scientist are considering nuclear energy as the future of power generation to combat the rising level of global temperature. Since last two decades nuclear power technology is witnessing a significant rise in generating electricity for both residential and commercial purpose. Interestingly U.S and China are the largest consumer of nuclear power in the world. Researchers are considering nuclear source as a highly scalable form of carbon free power alternative to reduce the utilization of fossil fuel for power generation.
As an ideal source of clean energy, nuclear power is considered to be a potential solution to check the adversities of global warming and climate change. Nuclear energy have zero negative impact on the environment as it does not emits harmful gases like carbon and methane. Moreover nuclear power generation does not depend on weather conditions like solar and wind energy and thus keeping the nuclear power supply uninterrupted. Though the expense of setting nuclear power plant is a huge concern for many nations, the power generated from nuclear reaction is comparatively low due to the extended lifespan of the nuclear reactors.
Though nuclear energy is a prospective alternative as efficient power resource, it also have certain disadvantages for the developing and underdeveloped nations. The prime factor involves is the huge expense to set up a nuclear power plant along with the environmental risk that involves harmful radiations from nuclear reactors like uranium, thorium and plutonium. Moreover these nuclear power plants also produces huge nuclear waste that transmit high temperature in the surrounding areas causing severe damage to the environment and living creatures. Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear disaster is the perfect example of the worst consequences of nuclear radiation that had a significant impact on global warming and climate change that Japan is still struggling with ,six years after the devastation.