Cape Town, being one of the most populated and major cities of South Africa is about to encounter severe water crisis shortly. Having a population of around 4 million people, it is expected to experience a drier and hotter future, while becoming the first major city in the world for running completely out of water.
In 2014, all the dams of the city were being flushed with rainwater and the water-conservation program was also quite rewarding and productive. Then after, the most appalling drought came into the picture which, is noted to be seen in a whole century and have been lasting for 3 years by now. Climate change has been undoubtedly a crucial contributor to this scenario, however, a number of other factors should be taken into consideration while, analysing this state of inconsistency. Misgovernment and politics have also been two major elements of concern.
The City Government has enacted a strong, aggressive and rewarding water-demand-management program for almost a decade by now. However, the National Government has allocated excessive water to the agricultural sector and reduced the amount of funds for the development of water recycling systems and fresh water sources. Following here we would like to emphasise on the appalling state of water crisis in Cape Town while, discussing the causes and effects of global warming.
The Outset of The Water Crisis
Now the underlying question is; how does such a major city like Cape Town can just run dary? Following here are three crucial factors that has fuelled our environment to face such a state of slow-motion crisis.
● A drastically fluctuating climate and weather pattern.
● The total population of the city, which is around 4 million and growing fast.
● The most destructive drought which, has not been faced within a century by now has pushed the city into facing water scarcity at a great extent.
Water system of the city mostly depend on six dams including Theewaterskloof, being the largest one. When the level of water supply falls to around 13.5% of its total capacity, the local municipalities are about to turn off the water supply in the entire city, except hospitals, schools and other essential services. After ‘Day Zero’, an amount of 50 litres will be rationed to per person on daily basis which, will can be collected at 200 stations throughout the city.
Combating the Catastrophe at the Zero Hour
Considering the present state, Day Zero seems to be still avoidable. City officials have started cutting their daily water consumption by advising residents to promote water conservation and lowering pipe pressure. The Capetonians are acting cautious and taking effective measures such as doing laundry and bathing less often and recycling water which, is being used for washing food. The situation is alarming indeed and is one of the major environmental inconsistencies while, emphasising on the causes and effects of global warming. Thus, if the governments do not proactively until the catastrophe breaks down destructively, there will be no way left for preventing the city from leading towards its extinction.